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The following Pattaya Draft Declaration on Sex Work in Asia and the Pacific 2010 was written about on the excellent plri.wordpress.com
This Declaration has been agreed by sex workers representing regional, national and local networks of sex workers present at Pattaya Thailand 12-16 October 2010. APNSW will be conducting a consultation to finalise this document.
It represents a unified and rights based approach to the reduction of HIV among adult sex workers.
Sex workers of all genders are subject to violence, both in their personal lives and at work. This violence is a manifestation of stigma, discrimination and judgemental attitudes.
International and national trafficking law and policy has resulted in increased violence against and oppression of sex workers.
United Nations organisations and specialised agencies have previously agreed that criminal and other laws that lead to dangerous settings for commercial sex and limit access to services must be repealed.
In many parts of the world, sex workers are amongst the most vulnerable to HIV and STIs.
Twenty years of experience has shown that effective HIV prevention, treatment, care and support for sex workers is possible only with their meaningful and active involvement.
Collective organising and community mobilisationand community led processes are key to ensuring that sex workers benefit from HIV policies and programmes.
Building capacity within sex worker networks and communities must be understood as part of the commitment to the respect, protect and fulfil the human rights of sex workers.
Sex workers who are socially included, have better economic and social status and are less vulnerable to human rights abuses and HIV.
It is necessary to provide and scale up access to rights based HIV programming for sex workers and their clients of all genders, HIV positive or negative.
Successful rights based interventions that have been shown to reduce HIV and STIs among female, male and transgender sex workers and clients must be strengthened and scaled up.
Coercive efforts to control or reduce sex work are contrary to human rights. Mandatory medical treatment or procedures, raids, forced rehabilitation, or programmes implemented by police or based upon detention of sex workers are all examples of coercive programming and in some circumstances may constitute torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment
To be effective, HIV programming needs to be devised in true partnership with sex workers, and be dynamic, participatory, non-coercive and must address the diverse realities of human sexuality and sexual expression.
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